Skadar lake is located at about 30 kilometres from Podgorica, the capital of Montenegro, in Zeta-Skadar Valley. As the largest freshwater area in Southeastern Europe (of 370 square kilometres), the lake has its blue from Rijeka Crnojevica to town Skadar, that is, from the Bay Licheni and Hotit to the island Beska. It is covered by (limited to) the Skadar plain, the branches of Lovcen and Prokletije slopes and the Sutorman, Rumi and Tarabos mountains. It belongs to two countries: Montenegro (2/3 of the lake area) and Albania (the rest of 1/3 of the total area). According to the synchlinal line, the following spatial units are distinguished in the lake: Veliko blato (Large mud), Malo blato (Small mud), Vucko blato and submerged area of Rijeka Crnojevica.

An interesting fact is that Skadar lake is the largest cryptodepression on Balkans (its surface is below the sea level). The pore depth of the lake ranges from 4 to 7 metres, while the biggest depths of the lake are measured in the submerged holes, which are also known by the name of the of the spool or „eye“. There are about 30, and the deepest is Radus, where the depth is 60m. However, some research that has been done suggests that around Radus reaches a depth of up to 80m. Water is maintained by three rivers that flow into the lake: Moraca, Orahovstica and the Crnojevica River.

Basin of the Skadar Lake is located in the belt where maritime and continental air masses are confronted, and their influence can be felt in the Niksic field. Mean annual temperatures range from 14 to 15 degrees Celsius, and the common winds are: the daily, the night, the bura, the north, the south, the murlan, the rumani, the walnut, the rebellion or the smut, the hercegovac, the shiloka and the garb.